believe that children’s effortless recall of phonics is a very
important skill as the first strategy in word recognition, ensuring that
they go on to become competent functional life-long readers. Phonics is
a systematic system that breaks up words into small units of sound
called phonemes. Phonics teaches children to be able to listen carefully
and identify the phonemes that make up each word. This helps children
to learn to read words and to spell words. In phonics lessons at
Bradford Academy, children are taught three main things:
are taught grapheme phoneme correspondences (GPC). This simply means
that they are taught all the phonemes in the English language and ways
of writing them down. These sounds are taught in a particular order. The
first sounds to be taught are s, a, t, p. Children are taught to be
able to blend. This is when children say the sounds that make up a word
and are able to merge the sounds together until they can hear what the
word is. This skill is vital in learning to read.Children are also
taught to segment. This is the opposite of blending. Children are able
to say a word and then break it up into the phonemes that make it up.
This skill is vital in being able to spell words.
Phonics we use the Read, Write, Inc. phonics program however we do
incorporate the Jolly Phonics actions if children are familiar with
them. Phonics experiences begin from day one. From Reception up to year
two children take part in daily phonics. As the year develops children
are brought together in groups which reflect their growing confidence in
using and applying skills previously learned. This ensures children
gain confidence, don’t feel out of place, achieve success in an
unthreatening environment and experience far simpler planning and
delivery catering for the needs of all the children. These groups are
flexible and teachers regularly meet to discuss the progress of all
children. We recognised the importance of early identification of those
children who are finding phonics challenging and supporting them
individually or in small groups. Children are introduced to all the
sounds and actions during reception year. Children in Key Stage Two will
also have access to phonics intervention if the teacher feels it will
use a synthetic phonics programme called Read Write Inc to teach
phonics. The programme is split into Set 1 sounds, Set 2 sounds and Set 3
sounds. Children learn to read and write the sounds and read and write
words with the sounds in them. Children learn to sound out and blend to
read by using ‘Fred Talk’ Children lean to spell by segmenting words
using ‘Fred Fingers’. Children have daily 30 minute phonics lessons in
their groups. Children are assessed and grouped according to ability.
Phonics is used daily throughout the curriculum and in areas of
provision in the classroom. Children are assessed regularly (each half
term) and put into new groups.
Phonics Screening Test
June children in Year 1 will sit the phonics screening test. Children
who are currently in Year 2 will retake the test if they did not pass it
when they were in Year 1. The test consists of 40 words. Some words are
real and others are nonsense words. The words contain all the sounds
from Set 1, 2 and 3.In previous years the pass mark has been 32/40.
Ask your child’s teacher whether your child is currently learning Set 1, Set 2 or Set 3 sounds in order to support them at home,
The different sounds in Set 1, 2 and 3 are attached.
Download the Read Write Inc. Phonics sound list and rhymes here:
Staff are well trained and regularly monitor children’s progress to ensure that they are engaged in activities that develop their skills and help them grow in confidence. Staff provide many and varied opportunities for children to develop their speech through careful questioning and a range of interesting activities. Children are safe and happy and play well together.